Today, people around the world are familiar with anime cartoons. The characteristic features of this direction of Japanese animation are characters with disproportionately large eyes, bright colors and a lot of emotions.
Especially for anime fans, Turkmenportal will tell about some features and interesting facts of this cartoon genre.
Every year on April 11, all lovers of Japanese animation (otaku) celebrate World Anime Day. For anime fans, this holiday has become a fantastic day when people get together, organize flash mobs and pay tribute to the original art of Japanese animation.
Until the mid-70s of the last century, the Japanese called their characteristic animation – “manga-eiga” (“movie comics”). The word “manga” was coined by artist Katsushika Hokusai in 1814.
As it spread around the world, Japanese animation became known as anime, short for English animation.
Anime features include differences in style and age categories:
Kodomo for children under 12 years old with a simple and understandable plot. Drawing in style is close to the European, American school of animation.
The shounen for boys aged 12 to 18 features a dynamic storyline, humor and character development. The shounen reveals male friendship and rivalry. There is a love line in the cartoon, but it is not the main one and is manifested to varying degrees depending on the age of the audience.
Shojo for girls from 12 years old and girls up to 18 years old. In shojo anime, there are love relationships of varying degrees of intimacy, depending on the age of the target audience. A subgenre of shojo is maho-shojo, which tells about the adventures of girls with magical powers.
Seinen anime for boys over 18 and men under 40. In this genre, emphasis is placed on the development of the personality of the characters, psychology and satire are affected.
Josei - female anime that tells about the daily life of Japanese women, family relationships, development in work and creativity.
It should be noted that it was the Japanese who were the first to divide animation into “for everyone” and “15+”.
Interesting facts about anime
Seiyu - this is the name of the actors who voice the characters of the anime. In Japan, this job is considered very prestigious, and therefore well paid.
Hayao Miyazaki is one of the creators of anime whose work is considered a classic. His film “Spirited Away” won an “Oscar” in 2001. In Japan, “Spirited Away” became the highest-grossing film in anime history. The anime has grossed nearly 275 million USD worldwide.
Osamu Tezuka is another progenitor of modern anime. The artist had a hand in more than 60 series and cartoons, created more than 500 manga (comics). Famous works include Astro Boy in 1963, which became the first anime to gain fame outside of Japan.
Japanese anime makes up 60% of all animation in the world.
The first anime that was shown in the USSR was “The Flying Ghost Ship”.
The style of drawing the body and hair of anime characters was invented by the Japanese. But the drawing of the eyes was borrowed from Walt Disney.
Special attention is paid to the eyes of the characters. Goodies have beautiful eyes and are depicted in more detail. Negative characters are often portrayed with small eyes.
The character and personality traits of the characters are also embedded in the hair color: red - loves adventure; white - embodies a connection with the cosmos, maturity, the character exists, as it were, outside the world of people; blue - intellectually developed, polite and shy; blue - disciplined and persistent, etc.
“Sazae-san” is a long-liver among Japanese animation. The first series was released back in 1969, and the production of new ones continues to this day. The number of episodes is over 8000.
“Akira” is a 1988 science fiction animated film. For this anime, 50 unique colors were created, and in total, 327 different shades were used in “Akira”.
Japanese astronaut Akihiko Hoshide, while on the station in space, voiced the character for episode 31 of the “Space Brothers” anime. The astronaut became the first actor whose voice was recorded from outer space.
If you have never watched anime, then you can start your acquaintance with this type of art by watching such top anime as “Death Note”, “Code Geass”, “Ghost in the Shell”, “Gurren Laggan”.
For children of anime “0+”, “Unico”, “My Neighbor Totoro”, “Ponyo Fish on the Cliff”, and “Witch's Delivery Service” are suitable.
Children of the category “6+”: “Spirited Away”, “Howl's Moving Castle”, “Nausicaa from the Valley of the Winds”, “The Girl Who Leapt Through Time”.
Anime for children “12+”: “Naruto”, “President is a maid”, “Very nice, god”, “Grave of the fireflies”, “Your name”.
Resources: tlum.ru; don-news.net; 2x2tv.ru; lentanews.com.ua; don-news.net; ru.wikipedia.org