Now close attention of the whole world is focused on environmental issues, without the solution of which it is unthinkable to focus on the further stable development of mankind.
Special attention is paid to nature protection in Turkmenistan.
Aynabat Atayeva, head of the “Ecodurmush” (“Ecolife“) public organization, teacher at the Turkmen Agricultural Institute, told CentralAsia.news about the concrete steps taken in the country in this direction.
Turkmenistan takes an active part in international cooperation on the implementation of joint projects aimed at solving urgent environmental problems of concern to all of humanity, such as: preservation and restoration of water and other natural resources, combating desertification, land degradation, global warming, climate change.
“In this area, our country closely interacts with authoritative international organizations, primarily the United Nations, the European Union, the Global Environment Facility and others, initiating constructive solutions to global environmental problems for the well-being of the present and future generations of the planet,” notes Aynabat Atayeva.
As a result of the successful implementation of a large-scale environmental program in all regions of the country, and especially in the foothills, the microclimate has significantly improved.
Cooperation in the field of ecology is one of the key aspects of the foreign policy of Turkmenistan, advocating the intensification of constructive international dialogue in this direction.
In recent years, river beds have been cleaned up and cleaned up, the Caspian coast, where the national tourist zone “Avaza” is located, has received a new life. Mandatory compliance of all facilities built here with environmental safety requirements is one of the main conditions.
In order to preserve the ecology of the Caspian Sea, bio-purification equipment has been installed in each terminal of the international seaport of Turkmenbashi. In general, the entire project of the port was developed in accordance with the international standard “Green port”.
Even the soil dredged during the construction of a new sea harbor was used to create an artificial island for migratory birds in the water area of the bay near the city of Turkmenbashi.
This 170-hectare island has become a habitat, nesting and wintering site for hundreds of thousands of birds, including swans, which are much higher this winter.
Several transcontinental bird migration routes are crossed in the coastal zone of the Turkmen sector of the Caspian. Here, one fifth of the world's population of the common flamingo stops for wintering.
Landscaping of the seaside resort, the creation of parks and squares here is of paramount importance.
At present, according to domestic specialists and the conclusions of authoritative international experts, the Turkmen sector of the Caspian Sea is considered the most environmentally friendly, which is explained by the systematic and purposeful work carried out in this area.
Traditionally, every year the President of Turkmenistan starts a nationwide planting campaign. A “green” belt has already formed around the capital, protecting it from dusty winds and improving air quality, contributing to the conservation and enhancement of biodiversity.
Huge work in the field of nature protection, conservation of biological diversity and natural landscapes is carried out within the framework of the National Strategy on Climate Change, as well as large-scale socio-economic programs.
“Supporting the efforts of the international community to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, our country is systematically moving to the use of modern environmentally friendly and resource-saving technologies in the industrial sector,” the expert notes.