Yesterday, on the international day for the protection of the ozone layer, representatives of the United Nations industrial development project (UNIDO) held a working meeting with the management and specialists of “Heat Cold”, a leading company in our country in the field of air conditioning and ventilation systems.
This year, the 35th anniversary of the Vienna Convention for the protection of the ozone layer is celebrated under the motto: "35 years of protection of the ozone layer".
The meeting was aimed at providing possible solutions and recommendations for the implementation of national obligations under the Montreal Protocol on the decommissioning of ozone-depleting substances in refrigeration and air conditioning, as well as strengthening cooperation with “Salkyn Otag” to exchange knowledge and information in promoting new technologies in the country.
Since the signing of the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol on substances that Deplete the ozone layer in 1987, five amendments have been adopted. Turkmenistan has successively acceded to five of them: The London (1990), Copenhagen (1992), Montreal (1997) and Beijing (1999), and on 31 August this year, Turkmenistan ratified the Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol at the international level.
The Kigali amendment is intended to limit the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), which have almost zero ozone-depleting potential but have a high global warming potential. As scientists suggest, the implementation of this document can help prevent global warming by 0.4 degrees Celsius by 2100.
During the meeting, a scientific and educational film about the problems of preserving the ozone layer, prepared by the office of UNEP OzonAction, was shown.
Participants were provided with information about specialized online courses "Ashrae" — a modern online method for increasing the level of potential in the development of information flows. Courses in dozens of applied areas of nature protection are free and available for those who want to improve their professional level.
The participants also reviewed the energy efficiency and environmental safety of low-temperature equipment, taking into account their areas of application, the aggravation of environmental problems when choosing the right strategy for the development of equipment and technology, and the need to move away from synthetic working substances in order to increase interest in new environmentally safe and energy-efficient principles of obtaining cold.
During the event, a practical lesson was held on working with the refrigerant identification device (gas analyzer).
Most ODS are gases that actively contribute to global warming. Experts note that the reduction of ODS emissions has led to a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and, as a result, curbing the processes of climate change.
The Montreal Protocol led to the phasing out of 99 % of ozone-depleting chemicals in refrigerators, air conditioners and many other products.
Turkmenistan, while remaining committed to its international obligations, continues to expand cooperation aimed at joint and coordinated solutions to global environmental problems within the framework of international environmental conventions, including in the preservation of the ozone layer and the planet's climate.