This year, three new vaccines have been introduced into the national calendar of preventive vaccinations of Turkmenistan — a vaccine against rotavirus and pneumococcal infections, as well as against viral hepatitis A. this is reported by the State sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan on the pages of the Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper.
Prevention, as an important part of the health care system, is a priority of our state. To prevent infectious diseases, the Government, ensuring the sustainability of funding, allocates the necessary funds, the amount of which has increased several times compared to previous years. At the moment, the country has received high-quality, pre-qualified who rotavirus and pneumococcal vaccines, as well as hepatitis a vaccine, purchased through the UNICEF supply Department at the expense of the state Budget, and immunization against these infections has begun free of charge in the vaccination offices of health Homes.
Pneumococcal vaccination is given to children under one year of age at 2 months, 4 months and 12-15 months; rotavirus vaccine is given to children under one year of age orally in three stages - at 2 months, 3 months and 4 months; vaccination against hepatitis, and is done at 18 months. To immunize children against rotavirus, pneumococcal infections and hepatitis, and you can contact family doctors in territorial health Homes at the place of residence.
Rotavirus causes high fever and is the main cause of severe diarrhea in newborns and infants worldwide. Young children, and especially newborns, are at greater risk of becoming seriously ill with rotavirus infection. The causative agent of rotavirus infection is transmitted by drinking contaminated drinking water, food and through dirty hands, in contact with infected dishes, toys, household items. Her symptoms are high fever and vomiting, followed by diarrhea. These symptoms can cause a loss of fluid in the child's body, leading to dehydration, which can lead to severe complications.
Pneumococcal infection is transmitted by coughing and sneezing. This is the main cause of bacterial meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord) in young children. It can also cause serious infectious blood diseases, middle ear infections, and pneumonia.
Hepatitis A affects the liver. Hepatitis A is easily transmitted from one person to another within the same household or child care facility through contact with infected items, and if hygiene rules are not followed. The risk of infection also arises from contact with food. Hand washing can prevent the risks of spreading this disease.
Even if these diseases are not currently observed among the local population, this does not mean that the pathogens have disappeared somewhere. If the population does not have immunity (protection), the disease can return.
Following the schedule of recommended vaccinations gives the best protection against serious diseases. Numerous scientific studies show that vaccinations made during the first two years of a child's life do not overload the immune system and represent only a part of what the immune system of a baby faces every day and successfully copes with. Immunization of children is the safest and most effective of the existing measures to ensure public health. Good health is the Foundation of a long and healthy life for every child and every family.